Morocco is an important link between Europe and Africa – politically, culturally and economically.




Official languages



446,550 km²


approx. 34 million

Population growth

0.99 %

Rural population

37.55 % of the overall population

Gross domestic product

109.8 billion US dollars

Annual income per capita

Approx. 3151 US dollars

Agriculture as a proportion of GDP

17 % (as of 2019)

Severity of hunger according to the World Hunger Index

low (WHI: 9.4)

Human Development Index

Index: 0,676 / Rank: 121 of 189

A link between Europe and Africa

King Mohammed VI is both the head of state and the spiritual leader of this north African country, and has been since 1999.
Following the wave of protests that swept through many Arab countries starting in December 2010 (Arab Spring), demands for political and social reforms were also made in Morocco.
King Mohammed VI responded with steps to modernise the state. In July 2011, for example, a new constitution was adopted containing for the first time ever a list of fundamental rights and emphasising the country's pluralist identity.
Despite the reforms carried out in recent years, the King's key position has essentially remained unchanged.
The social challenges facing the country include, in particular, the high level of unemployment and the lack of job opportunities for its young population.

Relations between Morocco and Germany

Morocco is a key partner for Germany in the Middle East/North Africa (MENA) region. In their 2013 Rabat Declaration, the foreign ministers of the two countries agreed to engage in continuous cooperation and to deepen their dialogue on democratic development, the rule of law, civil society and human rights.
The focus of German-Moroccan development cooperation is on sustainable economic development and employment, renewable energies and water.
Morocco is part of the G20 Compact with Africa initiative to improve the enabling environment for private investment. Under the initiative German Development Minister Gerd Müller and the Moroccan Finance Minister Mohamed Benchaâboun agreed at the end of November 2019 to start a German-Moroccan reform partnership.



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